The Swedish language - The basics

Swedish is mainly spoken in Sweden, but also classification of Finland is Swedish. In total about 10 million people speak Swedish. Characteristic of the Swedish language is the vocal sound, which many immediately recognize Swedish. Pronunciation is therefore an important part of the Swedish language. With a different pronunciation, the same word has several meanings.

Origin

Swedish has been around for about 1000 years. Before that time, the same language was spoken throughout Scandinavia. Swedish is, just like Dutch, a Germanic language. This is the reason that we often recognize words or sounds in Swedish. Yet the Dutch and Sweden cannot understand each other. This is due to the development that both languages ​​have gone through separately, but also because they are both descended from a different Germanic branch. Swedish comes from North Germanic, while Dutch comes from West Germanic.

Counting in Swedish

DutchSwedish
Aett
Twotvå
Threetre
Fourphyra
Fivefem
Sixsex
Sevensju
Eightatta
Ninenio
Tentio

Useful words and phrases

DutchSwedish
YesYes
NoNej
Day (farewell)Hej då
PleaseVarsågod
Thank youTack
How are you?hur står det till?
GoodBra
BadDålig
Where are you from?Var kommer du ifrån?
I'm from HollandJag kommer från Holland

Personal pronouns

DutchSwedish
IJag
youDu
HeHan
She (ev)Hon
He / she / it (as an object)Pine tree
ItDet
WeVi
She (pl)The
You / uNi
Menman

The verb "to be"

The conjugations of verbs are (usually) very simple in Swedish. The same verb form is used for each person. Just look at the conjugation of the verbs 'to be': vara and 'to speak': att tala
DutchSwedishDutchSwedish
I'mJag ärI speakJag talar
you areDu äryou speakDu talar
she isHon ärhe speaksHan talar
we areVi ärwe speakVi talar
you areNi äryou speakNi talar
they areThe ärthey speakThe talar

Video: Learn Swedish in 30 Minutes - ALL the Basics You Need (February 2020).

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