Canada: the east and the west
- The East
- New Brunswick
- Nova Scotia
- Prince Edward Island
- The Midwest
- The West
- British Columbia
The north of Canada is completely covered by tundra, the south consists of pine forests. In Canada lies the Great Lakes area, consisting of many deciduous trees that are famous for the fall colors.
The rivers and lakes together form one of the largest inland water areas in the world. The largest river in Canada is the Saint Lawrence, which drains the Great Lakes and flows into the Atlantic Ocean through a wide estarium.
Canada is 273x the size of the Netherlands. The boundaries of this vast country consist mainly of water and have only two land borders: the United States in the south and Alaska in the Northwest.
- Capital: Ottawa
- Language: official language is English and French
- State form: parliamentary monarchy
- Currency: Canadian Dollar
- Travel time: spring and autumn
The best time to visit Canada is spring and autumn. In the spring you can ski in many places and in the fall the forests in the south with their autumn colors are at their best. This is called the Indian Summer. Canada offers an enormous amount, actually too much to mention. Below are the provinces in eastern Canada that are of tourist interest.
Source: Peter Rufi, Wikimedia Commons (Public Domain)
The EastThe eastern provinces are also referred to as the Atlantic provinces, they are bordered or flooded by the Atlantic Ocean. Characteristic of this area is the unspoiled nature and the low population density.
NewfoundlandNewfoundland and Labrador are known for their fjords and nature parks. Touristic interest is the capital Saint John's. The annual has been here for 175 years Saint John's Regatta (sailing race) held. The largest national park is Gros Morne National park, located in the west of Newfoundland.
New BrunswickNew Brunswick is a picturesque part of Canada, of which Fre-deriction is the capital. Lovers of forests and whale watching safaris will enjoy themselves here. The port of Saint John is an important ice-free port for Canada. The so-called 'Reversing Falls' are famous here. Here with the changing of the tides the water flood changes direction and the water of the river is pushed back as a result of rising tide. Canada has the largest tidal range here in the world.
Nova ScotiaThis province is ideal for beach lovers and those looking for peace. It is also called 'Ocean Playground', also because of the presence of whales off the coast. It is possible to make whale watching safaris. The capital Halifax is Canada's largest natural harbor. Also an important gateway over Canada. The city has an old citadel that has been declared a historic monument. Saint Paul's Church is the oldest Anglican church in Canada.
Prince Edward IslandThe smallest province in Canada with the capital Charlottetown. The island offers beautiful beaches and a rural atmosphere. The Prince Edward National Park attracts many visitors, with the House of Green Gables as the backdrop for the world-famous novel Anne of Green Gables.
Quebec and Ontario are the largest eastern provinces. Both landscapes consist largely of mountainous areas, rivers and forests.
QuebecThis province is governed by the St. Lawrence River. 300 years ago this waterway was used to penetrate this area. Québec is a typical French province where French is also spoken. Québec is characterized by the zest for life, historic charm and delicious cuisine. The capital of Québec is Québec. It was founded by the French and is one of the oldest cities in Canada. Québec consists of an 'downstairs' and an 'upstairs' section. In the lower city you can still taste the atmosphere of the past, a walled city center and narrow winding streets with vowels.
The oldest part of the city is connected to the upper city by stairs. The upper city is dominated by the Citadel. Here you can find the Château Frontenac, a hotel built at the end of the 19th century by the Canadian Pacific Railway in the French style on the Saint Lawrence River.
The parliament buildings, the Nôtre Dame des Victoires basilica and the Ursuline monastery can also be admired here. If you drive by car along the northern bank of Saint Lawrence River you will pass through many small towns in the second largest French city in the world and also the largest city of Québec: Montreal.
Montreal is located on the island of the same name in the Saint Lawrence. The city is built around Mount Royal, from which the city owes its name (Mount Royal is in French Mountréal). Modern high-rise buildings dominate the city. An exception to this is the restored Old Montreal, the old town on the east bank of the island, where the original architecture has been preserved. Worth a visit are: the Château Ramezay, the oldest church in Montreal Notre-Dâme-de-Bon-Secours and many other historic churches and buildings. Theaters, cinemas and concert halls can be found in the Place des Arts cultural center.
The border between the provinces of Quebec and Ontario is also the language border. The language struggle is part of the disputes between the two population groups. They try to promote tolerance by making the entire country bilingual.
OntarioOntario is rich in minerals, water and fertile soil. It is so vast that many residents do not know their own province completely. Because of its enormous size, Ontario offers many recreational opportunities in every season. Ontario is the industrial heart of Canada and also the most densely populated part of the country. The northern part of Ontario offers beautiful nature and picturesque Indian villages. The Polar Bear Provincial Park is located on the banks of the Hudson Bay where many polar bears are found.
The capital of Ontario. Many Dutch people come here to visit Canada. In many ways it is a 'big' city that is part of a vast urban area on Lake Ontario. Toronto is also the financial, cultural and industrial center of Ontario. 'Ontario-Place' in Toronto is a large recreational area on the lake with a large open-air theater where famous artists often perform. The Canadian National Tower is also a major tourist attraction. With a height of 544 meters, it is the tallest freestanding building in the world. It has a great view from the viewing terraces and the revolving restaurant at the top.
Many excursions are possible from Toronto.
Niagara Falls - one of the largest waterfalls in the world, located on the peninsula of the province of Ontario. The waterfall is divided into two parts by Goat Island, which extends to the edge of the abyss. From the Skylon Tower on the Canadian side is the best view of the swirling body of water. Especially in the evening when floodlight provides an unforgettable view.
If you drive from Toronto to the north you will arrive in an area that forms the transition between cultivated Ontario and the still untouched nature. An area with a rugged landscape, rocky high and interrupted by countless lakes. Trent-Severn Canal System is a road network with a length of 386 kilometers that you can traverse by boat. It is also possible to do this on a faster road, along the shores of Lake Ontario on the way to Kingston, located at the point where the lake becomes Saint Lawrence River.
Toronto, a city full of sights. You can enjoy a nice trip in the area of the 1,000 islands by tour boat.
A spacious, quiet city full of English traditions. The city has 19th century neo-Gothic architecture. A good example of this are the striking government buildings on Parliament Hill.
The national monument for the Canadian soldiers who fell in both world wars, is the 87 meter high Peace Tower, which was built in 1920. The tower has 53 bells.
Worth a visit is the National Museum of Canada. In this museum is a large collection of the culture of the Indians and the Eskimos. If you drive from Ottawa along the banks of the Ottawa River, in a north-westerly direction, you will arrive at North Bay. North Bay is the starting point for trips to the Canadian wilderness. To the south is the Algonquin Provincial Park, a vast stretch of wilderness.
Eastern Canada offers a huge amount each.
The MidwestThe provinces of Manitoba and Saskatchewan are located in the 'The Midwest' area. There is a huge number of lakes in the north of this area. In Saskatchewan in particular, there are vast wheat fields, but this is also the area of the prairies, for which Canada is so famous.
ManitobaThere are a number of historical sites in this province, such as the Fort Prince of Wales National Historic Park, the La Reine Pioneer Museum and Village and the National Park Mountain. The International Peace Garden is located on the border with the state of North Dakota. This is the symbol of the everlasting friendship between the US and Canada. The southern part of Manitoba is dominated by the vast Lake Winnipeg. The capital Winnipeg is located south of here and is also the gateway to the west. In the north lies Churchill, also called the "polar bear capital" of the world.
SaskatchewanHere you will find prairies and wheat fields, miles of unspoilt nature, thousands of lakes and rivers and amazing sunsets. In Saskatchewan, the past is reflected in museums and you will find remains and historic sites. The training center of the Royal Canadian Mountain Police is located in the capital Regina. If you travel north, you can visit Prince Albert National Park and even further there is an area with beautiful wild waterways, including Churchill River.
The WestThis is the most attractive part of Canada in terms of tourism, which is formed by the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia.
AlbertaThis province consists of cattle and oil, which is why it is called the land of cowboys and rodeos. The foothills of the Rocky Mountains start here and form the hilly prairie area. Alberta offers contrasts with stylish, modern cities and wide, open spaces, towering mountains with wild animals. Alberta owns 5 national parks: Banff, Jasper, Elk Island, Wood buffalo and Waterton lakes. These parks live off tourism.
The capital of Alberta is Edmonton, a national and international traffic junction. Many Dutch people live in this city. The largest indoor shopping mall is West Edmonton Mall, which is also the largest amusement park in North America.
RodeoJuly and August are the rodeo months in Western Canada. The rodeo is a tough competition here, but also a demonstration of the skills of the riders. Calgary Stampede is the largest and best-known rodeo in the world, held every year in Calgary. This is a festival that lasts about a week and is performed in a very colorful way. Calgary is also known for the Olympic Games in 1988. Calgary is ideally located for excursions such as Banff National Park and Dinosaur Provincial Park. Dinosaur Provincial Park has the largest collection of dinosaurs in the world whose fossil skeletons have been preserved in the rocky hills.
Banff National Park is the oldest and most famous national park. It is a nature reserve with green-blue lakes, clear mountain rivers, fantastic valleys and forests, snowy peaks and glaciers. From Banff, the Icefield Parkway leads north, past the border region of Alberta and British Columbia via the Athabasca Glacier and the Columbia Icefields. This is a huge glacier area where you can reach the glacier by snowmobile.
North of Banff National Park is the largest national park in Canada: Jasper National Park. This park is famous for the many rock formations, waterfalls and geysers. No hunting is allowed in Banff and Jasper. Because of this rule black bear and moose are not shy!
British ColumbiaIn British Columbia you will find the Glacier National Park with beautiful views over the glaciers the park is named after. Other national parks in British Columbia are Revelstoke and Yoho and Kootenay.
The capital Victoria is located on the southern tip of Vancouver Island. The city still looks very British, this is especially noticeable by the red double-deckers that are still driving around and it is possible to drink 'High Tea'. If you love plants or flowers, visit Butchart Gardens, this is a true paradise. Victoria is the start or end point of the Trans Canadian Highway that runs to St. John's on Newfoundland.
The largest city and gateway to the Pacific. A busy port city that is dominated by the sea, beaches and the Coastal Mountains. The Coastal Mountains lie along the 27,353 kilometer long fjords coast, along which a warm gulf stream flows. Vancouver is home to the famous Stanley Park, where you can enjoy the surroundings. Vancouver is known for its annual festivals, such as the Vancouver Festival of Arts and the International Dragon Boat Festival.
Western Canada offers a huge amount each.